Citrine is the modern birthstone of November, and also the accepted gem for the 13th and 17th wedding anniversaries. The name comes from the French word for “lemon” which is “citron”, based on its light yellow color. Most natural colored citrines are a light yellowish/orange, but the stone can also be heat treated, resulting in a deeper orange-brown color. Citrine is a form of quartz, and is primarily found in Brazil. It is also occasionally found in regions of France, Madagascar, Spain, Russia, and even has been found in Nevada and California.
Citrine is a 7 on the Mohs hardness scale, which makes it a hard gem. Although it is a strong stone, it is suggested that it is kept out of excessive sunlight or heat, as the color can fade over time in these conditions.
Citrine symbolizes optimism, loyalty, and vigor. In ancient times, Citrine was thought to protect against snake venom and plague, and was used to drive away evil thoughts. It was later associated with wealth and prosperity; regarded as the “Merchant stone” Many shop keepers kept this stone in their shops as it was believed to bring success and profits.